PSARA License is a prerequisite before any person starts a private security business in India. The Private Security Agency means an entity that provides Private Security Guards and other related services at an establishment as an alternate to the police. The private security agencies' operation is governed by The Private Security Agencies Regulation Act, 2005, enforced by the Department of Internal Security of the Ministry of Home affairs, Government of India.
1. Person Eligible To Apply For PSARA: Any person, whether individual or a legal entity is eligible for making an application for the PSARA License. Following is the indicative list of applicants for PSARA
Private Limited Company
2. Name and Object of Business: The entity's name should contain the word Security Services or Related terms that represent the applicant's object. In the case of a Company, the main objects of the MOA must include a specific clause relating to Providing of Security Services.
3. MOU With Training Institute: The applicant for a PSARA Licence must enter into an MOU with a training institute or an organisation as approved by the state controlling authority for imparting training to the security guards. There is relaxation to the training requirements for ex-servicemen.
4. National Interest: The PSARA Licence cannot be granted to a person if it is found to keep Links with an organisation or association, banned under any law or by a government order to protect National Security, Public Order, or prevent any activity prejudicial to National Security.
1. Documentation: The correct documentation is necessary for a hassle-free process, and the List of documents required depends on the type of applicant.
2. MOU With Training Institute: The applicant will enter into a Memorandum of Understanding with a recognised training institute to train its guards and supervisors. Every state has recognised various security training institutes for this purpose.
3. Application Filing: The application for the grant of PSARA License is filed before the respective state's controlling authority has jurisdiction. A separate application is to be filed for each state as there is no provision for one central license covering all states.
4. Verification: After the filing of the application, the antecedent of the business and its directors or principal officer is then verified by the Local Police station having jurisdiction on the address of the applicant or the director/principal officer(s) as the case may be.
5. Issue of PSARA License: After satisfactory verification of the documents and the applicant's antecedent, the Controlling Authority issues the PSARA License. However, in some cases, the Controlling Authority may require a personal interview of the applicant.
6. State Level VariationThe grant of PSARA License is more or less the same across all the states in India. However, there are minor variations in the way documents are prepared and submitted. As the police is a state subject, we found that the process of antecedent verification of the applicant, director or principal officer varies from state to state.
Certificate of Incorporation (COI)
Memorandum of Association (MoA)
Article of Association (AOA)
Pan Card Copy of entity
Passport size Photograph of each director
Pan card of each director
Aadhar card of each director
Address proof of each director
Police verification certificate of each director
Educational documents of each director
Rental Agreement in the name of the entity
Ownership proof of the premises ie. Latest electricity bill/property tax paid receipt/ sale deed (property papers) of the premises
MOU from training Institute
Guards Photo in uniform
Establishment photograph (exterior and Interior)
Shop Act registration Certificate
PF and ESIC certificate (if any)
GST Certificate (If any)